Dialogues with Children and Adolescents: A Psychoanalytic Guide (Paperback) book coverYou may have questions about your child or grandchild. Or you wonder about parenthood and children. Or, you’re working in a pre-school or school, or in a hospital. The book conveys the thoughts and feelings of youngsters, and why they get affected by things we, as adults, sometimes think are trifles. It uses imaginary letters between a child and a therapist. The language is thus simple and without any professional terms. Only the very last chapter contains more theoretical discussions about the content of the correspondences. Therefore, the book is also used in training programmes for therapists.




A QUOI PENSENT LES ENFANTSThis is a French translation of the book “Dialogues…”

Merci donc [à Björn et Majlis Salomonsson] de nous aider, nous adultes, professionnels ou non de l’enfance, à entrer dans cette culture et à nous y retrouver. Cela est salutaire pour chacun d’entre nous, mais salutaire aussi pour les enfants que nous croisons, les nôtres ou ceux que nous avons à aider ou à soigner, car tout enfant a besoin d’être compris même s’il a peur d’être deviné, et c’est tout le tact de Björn et de Majlis qui leur permet de comprendre sans être intrusifs.

Bernard Golse, Chef de service de psychiatrie infantile à l’Hôpital Necker-Enfants malades (Paris)
Professeur de psychiatrie de l’enfant et de l’adolescent à l’université Paris Descartes



This book provides a guide to clinical psychoanalytic work with distressed babies and unhappy parents, a group so often in need of urgent help. Although psychoanalytic work is primarily verbal, and infants have limited language, this treatment modality is receiving increased attention. The book explores how such work can be possible and benefit infants, how to work with the parents (especially the mother), and how major psychoanalytic concepts can be worked with and understood in these therapies. The book shows how we need these concepts to better understand, not only “baby worries”, but also adult clients’ non-verbal communications and interactions. Throughout, I use extensive practice-based examples and also refer to my research on the efficacy of this practice.



This book is edited by Tessa Baradon, a well-kown clinician and writer in the field of Parent-Infant Psychotherapy (PIP). It brings together experienced clinicians to discuss fathers’ participation in PIP treatments since today, the father’s role, both in child development and therapy, is becoming more important to both researchers and clinicians. In the book, I’ve contributed with two chapters, “Three themes about fathers in parent-infant psychotherapy” and “Freud on fathers: who cares?”






An Italian translation of the book.




A Portuguese translation.





Björn Salomonsson – references. If you want to read an article, please press the link!

Aguayo, J., & Salomonsson, B. (2017). The study and treatment of mothers and infants, then and now: Melanie Klein’s ‘Notes on Baby’ (1938/39) in a contemporary psychoanalytic context. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 86(2), 383-408.

Baradon, T., Salomonsson, B., & von Klitzing, K. (2014). Diskussion – Wer ist der Patient in der Eltern-Kleinkind-Therapie? (Discussion: Who is the patient in parent-infant therapy?). Kinderanalyse, 22(1), 71-87.

Baradon, T., Avdi, E., Sleed, M., Salomonsson, B. & Amiran, K. (2023). Observing and interpreting clinical process: Methods and findings from ‘Layered analysis’ of parent–infant psychotherapy. Infant Mental Health Journal. doi: 10.1002/imhj.22073

Kornaros, K., Nissen, E., Zwedberg, S., & Salomonsson, B. (2019). A hermeneutic study of integrating psychotherapist competence in postnatal Child Health Care: parents’ perspectives. Infant Mental Health Journal, 41(1), 108-125. doi:10.1002/imhj.21828

Kornaros, K., Zwedberg, S., Nissen, E., & Salomonsson, B. (2018). A hermeneutic study of integrating psychotherapist competence in postnatal child health care: nurses’ perspectives. BMC Nursing, 17:42. doi:10.1186/s12912-018-0311-1

Lönnberg, G., Jonas, W., Bränström, R., Salomonsson, B., Nissen, E., & Niemi, M. (2019). Maternal Positive Affect & Infant Socio-Emotional Development – a Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effects of Mindfulness-Based Childbirth and Parenting. Mindfulness, 12 (8), 2009-2020.

Norman, J., & Salomonsson, B. (2005). ‘Weaving thoughts‘: A method for presenting and commenting psychoanalytic case material in a peer group. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 86(5), 1281-1298.

Salomonsson, B. (1989). Music and affects: Psychoanalytic viewpoints. Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review, 12(2), 126-144.

Salomonsson, B. (1998). Between listening and expression: On desire, resonance and containment. Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review, 21, 168-182.

Salomonsson, B. (2004). Some psychoanalytic viewpoints on neuropsychiatric disorders in children. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 85(1), 117-135.

Salomonsson, B. (2006a). The aesthetic dimension of the psychoanalytic process. Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review, 29(1), 2-12.

Salomonsson, B. (2006b). The impact of words on children with ADHD and DAMP. Consequences for psychoanalytic technique. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 87(4), 1029-1047.

Salomonsson, B. (2006c). The infantile and its vicissitudes. On psychoanalysis with infants and adults. Psychoanalysis in Europe(60), 98-105.

Salomonsson, B. (2007a). L’impact des mots sur les enfants souffrant d’un trouble caractérisé par un déficit de l’attention et de l’hyperactivité (ADHD ). Conséquences pour la technique psychanalytique. L’année psychanalytique (pp. 99-118). Paris: In Press.

Salomonsson, B. (2007b). Semiotic transformations in psychoanalysis with infants and adults. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 88(5), 1201-1221.

Salomonsson, B. (2007c). “Talk to me baby, tell me what’s the matter now“. Semiotic and developmental perspectives on communication in psychoanalytic infant treatment. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 88(1), 127-146.

Salomonsson, B. (2007d). ”Talk to me baby, tell me what’s the matter now”. Semiotiska och utvecklingspsykologiska perspektiv på kommunikation vid psykoanalytisk behandling av spädbarn. Divan, 3-4, 57-72.

Salomonsson, B. (2009a). Diskussion zum Beitrag von Peter Fonagy (A discussion of Peter Fonagy’s contributions). In M. Leuzinger-Bohleber, Canestri, J., Target, M. (Ed.), Frühe Entwicklungen und ihre Stöhrungen (Early development and its disturbances) (pp. 70-75). Frankfurt: Brandes&Apsel.

Salomonsson, B. (2009b). L’impatto delle parole su bambini affetti da ADHD e DAMP. Conseguenze per la tecnica psicoanalitica. In A. Ferro (Ed.), Annata Psicoanalitica Internazionale. Roma: Borla.

Salomonsson, B. (2009c). Mother-infant work and its impact on psychoanalysis with adults. Scandinavian Psychoanalytic Review, 32, 3-13.

Salomonsson, B. (2010a). « Baby worries ». Une étude randomisée sur les traitements psychoanalytiques mère-nourrisson. Carnet Psy(dec.2010-jan-2011), 46-49.

Salomonsson, B. (2010b). “Baby worries” – A randomized controlled trial of mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment. The Bulletin of the Association of Child Psychotherapists in UK(October, issue 214), 12-15.

Salomonsson, B. (2010c). BABY WORRIES” – A randomized controlled trial of mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment. Stockholm: Karolinska Institutet.

Salomonsson, B. (2010d). “Parlami bambino, dimmi cosa c’è che non va”. Semiotica e prospettive evolutive sulla comunicazione nella cura psicoanalitica infantile. In A. Ferro (Ed.), Annata psicoanalitica internazionale 2009. Roma: Borla.

Salomonsson, B. (2011a). Countertransference anxieties and congress presentations. Psychoanalysis in Europe(65), 179-190.

Salomonsson, B. (2011b). Exploring core concepts: Sexuality, dreams and the Unconscious. [Also in Revista Di Psicanalisi (2011, 57(2), 435-438]. International Journal of  Psychoanalysis, 92, 263-265.

Salomonsson, B. (2011c). Konzept der infantilen Sexualität und die Sexualität des Seuglings (The concept of infantile sexuality and sexuality in infants). Kinderanalyse, 19(1), 36-49.

Salomonsson, B. (2011d). The music of containment. Addressing the participants in mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment. [La musica del contenimento. Como e quando rivolgersi ai membri della diade madre-lattante in trattamento psicoanalitico. In: Interazioni. Clinica e ricerca psicoanalitica su indiviuo-coppia-famiglia. Vol. 34/2 2011, 29-49]. Infant Mental Health Journal, 32(6), 599-612.

Salomonsson, B. (2011e). Psychoanalytic conceptualizations of the internal object in an ADHD child. Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy, 10(1), 87-102.

Salomonsson, B. (2012b). Has infantile sexuality anything to do with infants? International Journal of  Psychoanalysis, 93(3), 631-647.

Salomonsson, B. (2012c). Psychoanalytic case presentations in a Weaving Thoughts group. On countertransference and group dynamics. International Journal of  Psychoanalysis, 93(4), 917-937.

Salomonsson, B. (2013a). Die Musik des Containments. In F. Pedrina & S. Hauser (Eds.), Jahrbuch der Kinder-und Jugendlichen Psychoanalyse,BD.2: Praxis und Forschung im Dialog (pp. 77-101). Frankfurt: Brandes & Apsel.

Salomonsson, B. (2013b). An infant’s experience of postnatal depression: Towards a psychoanalytic model. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 39(2), 137-155.

Salomonsson, B. (2013c). Transferences in parent-infant psychoanalytic treatments. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 94(4), 767-792.

Salomonsson, B. (2014a). Le “Tissage des pensées“: Une méthode pour présenter et commenter en groupe des séances psychanalytiques. In S.-M. Passone & F. Guignard (Eds.), Psychanalyse de l’enfant et de l’adolescent: État des lieux et perspectives (pp. 383-402). Paris: Ed. In Press.

Salomonsson, B. (2014b). Psychoanalytic therapy with infants and parents: Practice, theory and results. London: Routledge. In Portuguese: Psicoterapia psicanalítica com crianças pequenas e pais: Prática, teoria e resultados. Sao Paulo:Blucher.

Salomonsson, B. (2014c). Psychodynamic therapies with infants and parents: A critical review of treatment methods Psychodynamic Psychiatry, 42(2), 203-234.

Salomonsson, B. (2014d). Psychodynamic therapies with infants and parents: A review of RCTs on mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment and other techniques. Psychodynamic Psychiatry, 42(4), 617-640.

Salomonsson, B. (2014e). Therapeutic action in psychoanalytic therapy with toddlers and parents. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 140919, 41(2), 112-130.

Salomonsson, B. (2015a). Extending the field: Parent-toddler psychotherapy inspired by mother-infant work. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 41(1), 3-21.

Salomonsson, B. (2015b). Infantile defences in parent-infant psychotherapy: The example of gaze avoidance. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 97(1), 65-88.

Salomonsson, B. (2015c). Too much, not enough: From quantitative fallacy to nameless dread. Bulletin of the European Psychoanalytic Federation(69), 207-216.

Salomonsson, B. (2016). Las defensas infantiles en la psicoterapia paterno-infantil: El ejemplo de la evitación de la mirada. The International Journal of Psychoanalysis (en español), 2(1), 67-95.

Salomonsson, B. (2017b). The function of language in parent-infant psychotherapy. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 98(6), 1597-1618.

Salomonsson, B. (2017c). Interpreting the inner world of ADHD children: psychoanalytic perspectives. International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, 12(sup1), 1298269. doi:10.1080/17482631.2017.1298269

Salomonsson, B. (2017d). Intervision. In A. Hamburger & W. Mertens (Eds.), Supervision – Konzepte un Anwendungen (Supervision – Concepts and Usages) (pp. 118-132). Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

Salomonsson, B. (2018a). Psychodynamic interventions in pregnancy and infancy: Clinical and theoretical perspectives. London: Routledge.

Salomonsson, B. (2018b). Psychodynamic therapies with infants and parents: A critical review of treatment methods. In C. A. Alfonso, R. C. Friedman, & J. I. Downey (Eds.), Advances in Psychodynamic Psychiatry (pp. 247-268). New York: The Guilford Press.

Salomonsson, B. (2018c). A sexualidade infantil tem algo a ver com och bebê? Revista de Sociedade Psicanalítica de Psicanálise de Porto Alegre, 25(3), 651-675.

Salomonsson, B. (2018d). Traitement psychanalytique avec les bébés et les parents: quel traitement, pourquoi et quand? In J. Press & I. Nigolian (Eds.), Enfances: mémoire sans temps, corps orphelin (pp. 73-85). Paris: Éditions in Press.

Salomonsson, B. (2019a). Defensive patterns in reflective group supervisions at Child Health Centres. Infant Mental Health Journal, 40, 588-599. doi:10.1002/imhj.21790

Salomonsson, B. (2019b). Freud on fathers: Who cares? In T. Baradon (Ed.), Working With Fathers in Psychoanalytic Parent-Infant Psychotherapy. London: Routledge.

Salomonsson, B. (2019c). Psychodynamic psychotherapy with infants and parents. In D. Kealy & J. S. Ogrodniczuk (Eds.), Congtemporary Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (pp. 225-236). London: Academic Press.

Salomonsson, B. (2019d). Was Freud a Bionian? In A. K. Alisobhani & G. Corstorphine (Eds.), Explorations in Bion’s “O”. London: Routledge.

Salomonsson, B. (2019e). Die Funktion der Sprache in der Eltern-Kind-Psychotherapie. In K. Münch (Ed.), Internationale Psychoanalyse Band 14: Gedachtes fühlen –Gefühltes denken (pp. 195-224). Giesssen: Psychosozial-Verlag.

Salomonsson, B. (2020a). Psychoanalysis with adults inspired by parent–infant therapy: Reconstructing infantile trauma. The international Journal of Psychoanalysis, 101(2), 320-339. doi:10.1080/00207578.2020.1726714

Salomonsson, B. (2020b) Three themes about fathers in parent-infant psychotherapy. In T. Baradon (Ed.), Working With Fathers in Psychoanalytic Parent-Infant Psychotherapy. London: Routledge.

Salomonsson, B. (2021). Gaze avoidance in parent–infant psychotherapy: Manifestations and technical suggestions. The international Journal of Psychoanalysis, 102(6), 1138-1157. doi:10.1080/00207578.2021.1953384

Salomonsson, B. (2022). Psychoanalysis with adults inspired by parent–infant psychotherapy: The analyst’s metaphoric function. The international Journal of Psychoanalysis, 103(4), 601-618. doi:10.1080/00207578.2021.2010560

Salomonsson, B. (2023a). Patient(s) in Parent-Infant Psychotherapy. In C. Bronstein & S. Flanders (Eds.), Child and Adolescent Psychoanalysis in a Changing World London: Routledge.

Salomonsson, B. (2023b). Reflective group supervision: psychotherapists and child health centre nurses in collaboration. Journal of Child Psychotherapy, 1-18. doi:10.1080/0075417X.2023.2175227

Salomonsson, B. (2023c). L’évitement du regard dans la psychothérapie parents-bébé : manifestations et suggestions techniques. L’Année psychanalytique internationale, 2023, 21-45.

Salomonsson, B., Kornaros, K., Sandell, R., Nissen, E. & Lilliengren, P. 2021. Short‐term psychodynamic infant–parent interventions at Child health centers: Outcomes on parental depression and infant social–emotional functioning. Infant Mental Health Journal, 42, 109-123.

Salomonsson, B., & Sandell, R. (2011a). A randomized controlled trial of mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment. 1. Outcomes on self-report questionnaires and external ratings. Infant Mental Health Journal, 32(2), 207-231.

Salomonsson, B., & Sandell, R. (2011b). A randomized controlled trial of mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment. 2. Predictive and moderating influences of quantitative treatment and patient factors. Infant Mental Health Journal, 32(3), 377-404.

Salomonsson, B., & Sandell, R. (2012). Maternal experiences and the mother–infant dyad’s development: introducing the Interview of Mother’s Experiences (I-ME). Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 30(1), 21-50.

Salomonsson, B., Sandell, R., Werbart, A., & Rydelius, P.-A. (2011). Psykoanalytisk behandling vid störningar i mor–barnrelationen. Läkartidningen, 108(18), 984-987.

Salomonsson, B., & Sleed, M. (2010). The ASQ:SE. A validation study of a mother-report questionnaire on a clinical mother-infant sample. Infant Mental Health Journal, 31(4), 412-431.

Salomonsson, B., & Winberg Salomonsson, M. (2015a). Dialogues with Children and Adolescents: A Psychoanalytic Guide. London: Routledge.

Salomonsson, B., & Winberg Salomonsson, M. (2015b). A quoi pensent les enfants? Toulouse Éditions érès.

Salomonsson, B., & Winberg Salomonsson, M. (2017). Intimacy thwarted and established: Following a girl from infancy to child psychotherapy. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 98(3), 861-875.

Salomonsson, B., & Winberg Salomonsson, M. (2018). Wie wird Intimität verhindert und wie wird sie hergestellt: die Beobachtung eines Mädchens vom Säglingsalter bis zur Kinderpsycho-therapie. In M. Johne, G. Allert, V. Bouville, C. Frank, G. Schmithüsen, A. M. Rutsch, & G. Hess (Eds.), Veränderungen im psychoanalytischen Prozess – Entwicklungen und Grenzen (pp. 49-63). Gießen Psychosozial-Verlag.

Winberg Salomonsson, M., Sorjonen, K., & Salomonsson, B. (2015). A long-term follow-up of a randomized controlled trial of mother–infant psychoanalytic treatment: Outcomes on the children. Infant Mental Health Journal, 36(1), 12-29.

Winberg Salomonsson, M., Sorjonen, K., & Salomonsson, B. (2015). A long-term follow-up study of a randomized controlled trial of mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment: Outcomes on mothers and interactions. Infant Mental Health Journal, 36(6), 542-555.

Winberg Salomonsson, M., Barimani, Mia. (2017). Mothers’ experiences of mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment—a qualitative study. Infant Mental Health Journal 38/4, 486-498.

Winberg Salomonsson, M., Barimani, Mia. (2018). Therapists’ experiences of mother-infant psychoanalytic treatment—a qualitative study. Infant Mental Health Journal 39/1, 55-69.